Fado is a music genre which can be traced as early as the 1820s in Portugal, but probably with much earlier origins.
There are many theories about the origin of Fado. Some trace its origins or influence to “cantigas de amigo” (friends’ songs). Fado typically employs the Dorian mode (natural minor scale), Ionian mode (natural major), sometimes switching between the two during a melody or verse change. A particular stylistic trait of fado is the use of rubato, where the music pauses at the end of a phrase and the singer holds the note for dramatic effect.
Although the origins are difficult to trace, today fado is commonly regarded as a form of song which can be about anything, but must follow a certain traditional structure. Fado is a form of music characterized by mournful tunes and lyrics, often about the sea or the life of the poor, and full of a sentiment of resignation, melancholia a
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