A cosmopolitan city on the Eastern edges of the German Republic, Berlin means different things. It was the Capital of the German Empire after unification in 1871 as well as the focus of much conflict during the Cold War. It has not yet reached the same population level as it did at the end of the Second World war. Greater Berlin was nearly 5 million in the closing days of the Second World war. Today it is still less than 4 million.
If you look at the photographs of the city in the years after the War you will see that it is indeed a city of desolation, ashes and ruins. Then it suffered the peculiar fate of being divided between the Four Allied Powers. In the West, French, British and American armies occupied their own zones of influence in what was to become West Berlin. In the East, the USSR had their zone of occupation which was to become the capital of East Germany – the German